|ASSIGNMENT:||APERTURE/SHUTTER SPEED ASSIGNMENT|
Photos by Andrew Churchhill
|To illustrate the effects of different apertures and shutter speeds.|
You will need to do this with a camera that has manual shutter and aperture.
If the camera you are using has a zoom lens, zoom it to its widest setting (this will make its widest aperture available to you).
Set-up #1- Stationary Subject
Aperture Examples - The camera should be between 5 and 10 feet from your subject. The subject could be a person, pet, object, pretty much anything that doesn't fill the whole frame. Have the subject 40 feet or further from a background. The background needs to have some detail in it. It could be a house, trees, cars, etc. Compose the shot so you see the subject and the background. Set the camera to its widest aperture. This will be the smallest aperture number. The number will be different depending on the lens you have on the camera. Focus your lens on the subject and adjust the shutter spend until the camera meter indicates correct exposure. Take at least three shots using this exposure.
Before anything changes, set the shutter speed to 1/60 (about the slowest you can safely hand hold without any blurriness in the picture), adjust the aperture until the camera meter indicates correct exposure. Take three shots using this aperture.
Set-up #2 - Moving Subject
Shutter Speed Examples - The camera can be any distance from the subject (a moving car). Pre-focus the camera on the spot in the road where the car will be. Set the shutter speed to 1/15 of a second. Adjust the aperture until the camera meter indicates correct exposure. Holding the camera stationary, take three pictures of a moving car.bike, person running, etc..
With the exact same settings ( 1/15 of a second, whatever aperture you metered to) take three panning pictures of a car. A panning shot is one in which you move the camera with the subject "as" you release the shutter.
Do the same thing again, only this time set the shutter speed to 1/250 of a second, adjust the aperture until the camera meter indicates correct exposure. Hold the camera stationary, don't pan.
Create a really nice image using your new shutter/aperture skills. Subject and technique - your choice.
1 - Wide aperture/narrow
DOF-(small f - stop number) - (write exposure in the file name) - subject
Your assignment will be graded using these criteria:
From Mr. P's Photo Rubric
Computer Techniques: Is the image sharp/in focus? Is it resized correctly? Is it color corrected and sharpened?
Presentation: Is the artwork presented in a professional manner as outlined in the assignment?